Accommodating disabilities in classrooms
OBJECTIVES: INTRODUCTION: Between 19 the number of students with disabilities leaving high school and transitioning to institutions of higher education increased each year.
Conditions not considered a disability include minor, nonchronic conditions of short duration, such as a sprain, broken limb, or the flu.Several federal laws outline the rights intended for students with disabilities in colleges and universities: (1) The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), (2) The Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (504), and (3) The Higher Education Act (HEA).Exhibit 1 provides a brief overview of the provisions of each law. By becoming knowledgeable about accommodations needed by some people with disabilities and the services and supports available to them through legislation, you can help the student ease feelings or outward demonstrations of stigma, rejection and discrimination.What are some different types of disabilities you may see in your classroom? An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.Keep in mind that the accommodations listed here aren’t theonly ones available. For Materials• Get audiobooks through service like Bookshare, a free online library for students with disabilities.• Provide pictures of directions and schedules.• Use large-print text for worksheets.• Simplify directions with key words for most important ideas.• Provide colored strips or bookmarks to follow along when reading.
For Teaching Techniques• Give step-by-step instruction (oral and written).• Repeat directions, then check to see if students understand.• Stick to consistent daily routines.• Use small group teaching.• Provide notes from the lesson, or organizers to fill in and follow along during the lesson.• Review skills daily.• Pre-teach new and important concepts.
Another challenge is that once students enter college they are hesitant about disclosing their disability or self-advocating for themselves; thus, many students with disabilities may remain unknown to you because they are concerned about stigma, rejection or discrimination.
What legal mandates are relevant for students with disabilities enrolled in my classes?
These are: What should I do if I suspect a student has a disability? A ‘disability’ is a condition caused by accident, trauma, genetics or disease that may limit a person’s mobility, hearing, vision, speech, or mental function. For example, a person who uses a wheelchair because of a car accident also may have a visual impairment.
An individual with a disability is a person who has impairments that substantially limit major life activities such as seeing, hearing, speaking, walking, breathing, performing manual tasks, learning, caring for oneself, and working.
Additionally, there are more students with cognitive disabilities(e.g., autism, intellectual disability) enrolling in colleges and universities.